Search

ITF violence free workplaces 4 women

Category

Breaking the silence

‘Domestic Violence and the Workplace: A Qualitative Study with Men’

Domestic violence and the workplace

When workers are experiencing or engaging in violence at home, the impact is felt in the workplace. Historically, workplace policies on violence and harassment have been limited to workplace issues, however with global evidential studies and new policies, including ILO Convention 190 (on violence and harassment in the world of work), domestic violence is increasingly recognised as a workplace issue, as it impacts not only individuals and families, but also communities and society as a whole. When workers are experiencing or engaging in domestic violence, its impacts resonate in the workplace – affecting employment, productivity, and health and safety.

In 2019, the ITF conducted a qualitative study with male perpetrators of domestic violence in the state of Maharashtra, India – working with the Pune based NGO SAMYAK (Samyak is a Communication and Resource Centre on gender, masculinities, health and development) – to understand how work is impacted by domestic violence. This is the first ever study in Asia/Pacific that highlights the link between domestic violence and its impact at work. The study had its own set of challenges and constraints because of the sensitivity of the issue.

Alongside this study, unions in India, with support from the ITF, are leading a national study on understanding the impacts of domestic violence at work from a survivor’s perspective.  Read more here about this groundbreaking study.  Email  women@itf.org.uk to find out more about research on domestic violence at work.

A full report of this qualitative study with men will be available soon!

Some of the key findings from the study are:

1. Male respondents feel pressurised by patriarchal social norms to ‘perform’ control over women and children in their family.

“….. my grandfather and my father did control women in our family… I feel that I also need to control my wife to maintain the tradition and keep our family intact”.

2. Male respondents justify their actions of domestic violence, power and control.  Almost all respondents agreed with the statement that ‘men should control their wives’ and gave various reasons for their entitlement to this behaviour.

“If man is under stress, he commits violence. If woman does any mistake in household work then it’s okay to beat her”.

“It is a family… such incidences are going to happen…not a big deal. A man can slap his wife if she does any mistake”.

Text Box: Almost all male respondents agreed with the statement that ‘men should control their wives’.

“It is a family… such incidences are going to happen…not a big deal. A man can slap his wife if she does any mistake”.

3. Male respondents associate domestic violence with physical and verbal forms of abuse and do not recognize emotional abuse, economic abuse, sexual abuse or coercively controlling behavior as forms of violence.

“There is only one reason behind violence and that is sex.  Wife is not our enemy.  Everyone uses their wife for having sex.  If you ask her for sex and she refuse it then what can we do?  We are men, we give all things to her, give bread to her, then she should satisfy us.  Otherwise what reason we have wife?”.

4. Male respondents are negatively affected at work by their perpetration of domestic violence.  Stories shared by respondents show that engaging in domestic violence has a range of mild to severe consequences for their work performance and productivity at the workplace.

“I got suspended because of the negligence on the duty, as I was mentally disturbed due to violence committed by me against my wife I was sent on mandatory leave.”

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is screen-shot-2020-03-08-at-9.03.11-pm-2.png

“I prefer not to go on duty when I am not in good mental condition. I have to face the consequences of that. My seniors report against me. It has happened 2-3 times before and now I prefer to stay at home instead of risking the life of people”.

5. Workplace accidents caused by male respondents impacted by their perpetration of domestic violence, put the safety of passengers and fellow employees at risk and are a significant cost to the employer.

“As I committed domestic violence against my spouse, I dashed my bus against a car…”

Text Box: …absenteeism, poor performances, distraction at work, accidents at work - are the cost of domestic violence that are paid by employer.

“It impacts on my driving, if I have some family tension that I do mistakes while driving. It goes wrong. Can’t concentrate in work in such situation…. Nothing else”.

“I can’t concentrate at work. Once I met an accident while there were passengers on board. Me and passenger got injured in that accident.”

“I had a fight with my mother before leaving home. I went to work but forgot to check the vehicle. I directly started it. There were many passengers on board. Later I realized that the breaks of that bus vehicle were not working properly. I got so tensed but somehow, I managed to stop the vehicle and no injury happened to the passengers. But in that incidence a road side lamb died under the vehicle”.

6. Male respondents need a safe space at work to share their problems, talk about their experiences and seek professional counselling support. The majority of respondents shared that they prefer not to talk about their stress with anyone and prefer to deal with it at a personal level.  However, if provided with an appropriate service, they would be willing to seek professional counselling support at the workplace. They had the opinion that such support at the workplace might help reduce their engagement in domestic violence, reduce stress and create a more productive and safe work environment.

“Availability of counseling facility at the workplace will help me to manage the stress. It may also help me control my violent behaviours at home.”

“There is no help available. I have no option but to stay calm”.

“There are not such facilities available at workplace. I talk with my colleagues about my problems and nothing else”.

Action needed for Argentine cabin crew experiencing harassment at work

In this video (Spanish only) Horacio Calculli, from the Asociación Argentina de Aeronavegantes (Argentinian Association of Air Navigators), speaks about the importance of campaigning in response to gender-based violence at work. He says that action is needed for cabin crew in Argentina who are experiencing harassment in their jobs.

Make a short video telling us what violence against women looks like in your country and transport sector and share it on social media. We’re on Facebook (ITF Women) and Twitter @ITF_Women. Remember to use #ITFwomen #ILOConvention #VAW

For survivors, the violence can be impossible to talk about. But women activists, you can be a voice!

We know that violence against women in the transport industry is perpetrated by colleagues, managers, vehicle owners, local authorities and even the police. The power and control which lie beneath this violence and the silencing tactics that perpetrators use, mean that many survivors find it incredibly difficult to talk about. Many stay silent. Societal attitudes about violence against women and women not belonging in the transport industry also serve as powerful barriers for women speaking out about their experiences of violence.  Male domination of jobs and management often results in a workplace culture where women are under pressure to prove their competence. This makes speaking up about harassment and other forms of violence they face, at work or at home, even more challenging.

Continue reading “For survivors, the violence can be impossible to talk about. But women activists, you can be a voice!”

This is how transport workers around the world experience violence against women… And this is why we need an ILO Convention…

Why do we need an ILO Convention? Because women have the right to feel safe at work. Yes. Because violence shouldn’t be part of the job. Agreed. But, how exactly are women unsafe at work and what does violence actually look like in transport workplaces?

Continue reading “This is how transport workers around the world experience violence against women… And this is why we need an ILO Convention…”

What would an ILO Convention mean to you?

Take action! Print this template and write out what a Convention on violence against women and men in the world of work would mean to you in your workplace. Take a selfie with your template and share on twitter using the hashtags #ILOConvention #VAW

We now have the template in languages!

Arabic template

French template

Russian template

Spanish template

Read more about the ILO Convention and the tripartite meeting of experts beginning on Monday 3 October.

Blog at WordPress.com.

Up ↑